Pursuing change in biofuels policy & developing alternatives


Strengthening the evidence base around sustainable alternatives for delivering emission savings from transport to 2020 and beyond is one of the key aims of the work undertaken on this project. Through a series of briefings we explore some of the solutions to making biofuels more sustainable; helping to decarbonise the EU transport sector; address Indirect Land Use Change (ILUC); and look at how, with a change in feedstocks, the debate around biofuels is becoming an integral part of the wider bioenergy and bioeconomy debates.

The following briefings were produced as part of the BiofuelExchange project. You can find out more about IEEP's work in this and related areas on our Climate Change and Energy pages.


1.  Polakova, J, Baldock, D and Kretschmer, B (2012) Leaked proposal by the Commission on indirect land use change. 
A draft version of the proposal by the European Commission for a Directive on the indirect land use change (ILUC) from biofuels was leaked to the public in mid-September 2012.

2.  Kretschmer, B and Baldock, D (2012) Adressing ILUC? The European Commission’s proposal on indirect land use change. Biofuel ExChange briefing No 2. Institute for European Environmental Policy (IEEP), London.
IEEP's latest Biofuel ExChange briefing provides a concise analysis of the European Commission's current proposal for EU legislation on indirect land use change (ILUC) and comments on its potential effectiveness in limiting the use of unsustainable biofuels.

3.  Kretschmer, B, Allen, B, Kieve, D, Smith, C (2013) The sustainability of advanced biofuels in the EU: Assessing the sustainability of wastes, residues and other feedstocks set out in theEuropean Commission’s proposal on Indirect Land Use Change (ILUC). Biofuel ExChange briefing No 3. Institute for European Environmental Policy (IEEP), London.
This report focuses on the potential sustainability of an advanced biofuel industry relying on mainly wastes and residues as the feedstock base.

4.  Skinner, I (2013) Alternative Means of Reducing CO2 Emissions from UK Road Transport Towards 2020 And Beyond. Biofuel ExChange briefing No 4. Institute for European Environmental Policy (IEEP), London.
This briefing discusses the policy instruments and options that will be most significant in achieving the long term decarbonisation of the UK and EU transport sector.

5.  Allen, B, Kretschmer, B, Kieve, D, Smith, C and Baldock, D (2013) Biofuels and ILUC – Q&A: Answers to common questions surrounding the ILUC debate. Biofuel ExChange briefing No 5. Institute for European Environmental Policy (IEEP), London.
In this Biofuel ExChange briefing we focus on four different areas: landuse; co-products and food crops; the agriculture sector; and other wider sustainability aspects of biofuels. These are explored through a series of questions that have been raised during the debate and some suggested answers.

6.   IEEP (2013) The European Commission’s proposal to mitigate indirect land use change from biofuels - IEEP reflections – June 2013. Biofuel ExChange briefing No 6. Institute for European Environmental Policy (IEEP), London.
In this short report IEEP takes a new look at the Commission’s ILUC proposal following several research studies and discussions with stakeholders carried out in the last year.

7.  IEEP (2014) Re-examining EU Biofuels Policy – A 2030 perspective. Biofuel ExChange briefing No 7. Institute for European Environmental Policy (IEEP), London.
This new IEEP paper proposes ways of realigning policy with the goal of supporting only environmentally responsible biofuel use and setting the policy on a more sustainable trajectory.

8.  IEEP (in press) Bioresources – implications for bioenergy, biofuels and the bioeconomy. Biofuel ExChange briefing No 8. Institute for European Environmental Policy (IEEP), London.







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